Sha-ren (Chinese name)
is a perennial plant; the simple, erect
stems grows about 2 to 3 metres high. The
leaves are dark green and glabrous above,
lighter and silky beneath. The small, yellowish
flowers grows in loose racemes on prostrate
flower stems. The whole fruit(pod) is a
three-celled capsule holding up to 18 seeds.
Cardamom also called “Queen of Spices”
because of its very pleasant aroma and taste.
It is the third most expensive spice in
the world, after saffron and vanilla. A
seed pod with an exotic fragrance, used
in curries and many Oriental dishes. It
is used in coffees and teas specially, for
its agreeable aroma and flavor. Cardamom
added to milk neutralizes its mucus forming
properties and it detoxifies caffeine in
coffee. It is an ingredient in Christmas
cookies, Danish and Swedish cookies, coffee
cakes, pastries, and candies. It is also
used and adds a delightful essence to applesauce,
grape jelly, sliced oranges, and fruit salads.
Cardamom is very helpful to counteract acidity
of the stomach and stimulate digestion as
it contains a large amount of volatile oil,
and relieves discomfort of flatulence. Its
also used to treats gastralgia, enuresis
(involuntary urination), spermatorrhea,
phlegm, bronchitis, asthma, colds, cough,
and hoarse throat.
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